Research Library

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Research Library

The CRSE maintains a complete library of academic and other multidisciplinary research. Here you will find research, reports and publications which explore all areas of self-employment. It provides a comprehensive overview of the latest thinking on freelancing and self-employment, as well as serving as a platform of knowledge to enable more research on the area.

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Organising Freelancers: A Hard Case or a New Opportunity?

Michael Wynn
November, 2015
Freelance workers present a special challenge in terms of collective labour organisation. As an individualistic and highly dispersed workforce, they are both difficult to recruit and represent. This paper explores the operational and legal difficulties that freelancers pose for trade unions in terms of collective representation. This is chapter 10 of the Handbook of Research on Freelancing and Self-Employment.

What’s in a Name? The Value of ‘Entrepreneurs’ Compared to ‘Self-Employed’... But What about ‘Freelancing’ or ‘IPro’?

November, 2015
This paper is concerned with those individuals who do not fit easily or comfortably into traditional notions of employment. It explores some of the important implications and consequences that this blurring of boundaries has for social as well as government interest and their support of the individual operating as a nano-business. This is chapter 11 of the Handbook of Research on Freelancing and Self-Employment

Freelancers, Self-Employment and the Insurance against Social Risks

Uwe Fachinger Anna Frankus
November, 2015
In contrast to dependent employees, most self-employed people are free to choose if they wish to insure themselves against social risks such as longevity, illness, or long term care. Unfortunately, we know very little about the situation of self-employed people regarding the protection against social risks, as reliable data is missing. Against the background of the upsurge of these professions, this lack of coverage is indicative of an increasingly precarious position or social exclusion of those groups. This is chapter 12 of the Handbook of Research on Freelancing and Self-Employment.

Determinants of the Own-Account Worker’s Decision to Hire Employees: A Review

Concepción Román
November, 2015
This paper reviews a small stream of empirical literature on job creation by own-account workers which, by using the European Community Household Panel (ECHP), focuses on the determinants of the own-account worker’s decision to hire employees. This is chapter 13 of the Handbook of Research on Freelancing and Self-Employment.

Future Working: The Rise of Europe’s Independent Professionals

November, 2013
The report explores who independent professionals (iPros) are and the environments in which they work, why they choose to work independently and what factors encourage and hinder their success. This ground breaking report provides us for the first time, a deeper understanding of what motivates and drives iPros and the barriers they face. Finally it makes a series of key recommendations that would benefit not just the 9 million iPros that operate in Europe but also the EU economy as a whole.